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Saturday, August 8, 2020 | History

5 edition of Export control reform in high technology found in the catalog.

Export control reform in high technology

Hearing before the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, August 13, 1993

by United States

  • 235 Want to read
  • 23 Currently reading

Published by For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Number of Pages178
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7370768M
ISBN 100160432634
ISBN 109780160432637
OCLC/WorldCa29602206

Export Control Reform will shortly see the transitions of items from USML Categories I, II and III from the ITAR to the EAR. Likewise, the reforms to CFIUS are simply awaiting the President’s signature, and the Export Control Reform Act of is alive and wellMissing: high technology. Under the Obama Administration’s Export Control Reform initiative, many USML items have been transferred to the Commerce Control List under the EAR. However, these formerly USML items are mostly classified in control categories, principally the “series” controls, that are not authorized for export .

The Export Control Reform Act, which was signed into law in August , is part of a concerted effort to curtail the transfer of sensitive U.S. technologies, particularly to China. The law includes the tightening of export controls on emerging and foundational technologies, increased scrutiny of export license applications and expanded jurisdiction over U.S. persons providing foreign defense.   Written with Paul Freedenberg Export controls are a principal means of defending a nation’s high technology advantage over its potential adversaries. It is incumbent upon each nation to keep up with constantly evolving technology and adapt its export control system.

In this Act: (1) C ONTROLLED.—The term “controlled”, with respect to an item, means the export, reexport, or transfer of the item is controlled under title I. (2) D UAL-USE.—The term “dual-use”, with respect to an item, means the item has civilian applications and military, terrorism, or weapons of mass destruction-related applications. (3) E XPORT.—The term “export”, with.   A dive into export control reform as the Obama administration comes to a close. Authored by Erin Neal Amid the news and noise associated with this month’s election, missed in the mainstream media was another significant event: Administration officials announced that the final export control reforms will be completed by year’s end.


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Export control reform in high technology by United States Download PDF EPUB FB2

The U.S. Export Control System and the Export Control Reform Initiative Congressional Research Service Summary Difficulty with striking an appropriate balance between national security and export competitiveness has made the subject of export controls controversial for decades.

Through the. The importance of export control laws and regulations in international trade continues to grow, not only because of the increase in world trade and technology dispersion, but also due to concerns surrounding national and regional stability and the risk of terrorism.

Accordingly, familiarity with export control laws and regulations around the Cited by: 3. Export control reform in high technology: hearing before the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, U.S.

House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, Aug [United States. The Export Control Reform Act (ECRA), signed into law on Augrequires BIS to impose export controls on EFTs that are “essential to the national secu rity of the United States,” and not already subject to such controls.

Export controls regulate the. U.S. firms could lose $ to $ billion in export sales over five years,Author: Stephen Ezell, Caleb Foote. NEW EXPORT CONTROLS ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES – DAY PUBLIC COMMENT PERIOD BEGINS. To Our Clients and Friends: On Monday, the Trump administration took the first step toward imposing new controls on the export of cutting-edge nt to the Export Control Reform Act of ("ECRA"), the U.S.

About Export Control Reform (ECR) Overview In Augustthe President directed a broad-based interagency review of the U.S. export control system, with the goal of strengthening national security and the competitiveness of key U.S. manufacturing and technology sectors by focusing on current threats, as well as adapting to the changing economic and technological landscape.

As the report on Global Trends in Computer Technology and Their Impact on Export Control stated, "quick and expert review of the appropriateness of the control status is essential if the potential for U.S.

market success is to be maximized and the risk to national security minimized. Anecdotal evidence, however, casts doubt on the ability. The rule-making is mandated by the recently adopted Export Control and Reform Act of (ECRA), adopted on Aug The process is mandated by Congress and is a core component of U.S.

national policy. The rule-making and the subsequent control measures have not been dictated by the current administration. The impact of export controls on the high-tech industry have caused problems for everyone from browser makers—who once ran up against restrictions on their encryption software, despite its wide.

The "Deemed Export" Rule--Transfers of U.S. Origin Technology And Technical Data To Foreign Nationals In The United States; An "export" of U.S. origin technology or technical data can occur even in the United States simply by disclosing information or technology to a foreign national from a country other than the United States.

Export Control Reform Initiatives U.S. export controls regulate the process by which defense and commercial items, technologies, and related technical data are transferred to foreign customers.

Administered by the State Department and the Department of Commerce, theses controls and restrictions were set up for national security purposes. The Export Control Reform (ECR) effort was introduced by President Obama in his first term to strengthen the competiveness of U.S. manufacturing and technology sectors in the global market through substantial regulatory changes.

These changes primarily focus on the transfer of certain items or technology. The Future of Export Control Reform. A recent study by the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation explored the effect proposed export controls would have on the advanced technology industry.

The US Export Control System and the President’s Reform Initiative. Washington D.C.: Congressional Research Service, Hardin, David, and Gao, Jianbin. “The Export Control Risks of US-China Technology Collaboration.” China Business Review Issues 4, Vol. 39 (October ): Jinyan, Wang. “Sino-US Technology Trade Analysis.”.

The Export Control Reform Initiative (ECR Initiative) will fundamentally reform the U.S. export control system. It is designed to enhance U.S. national security and strengthen the United States’ ability to counter threats such as the proliferation of weapons Missing: high technology.

The Trump administration could then proceed to impose export restrictions on those products, as the US has traditionally done for military technology and weaponry.

the Export Control Reform. The Future of Export Control Reform. A recent study by the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation explored the effect proposed export controls would have on the advanced technology.

SeptemberComplying with U.S. Export Controls. This two-day virtual program is led by BIS's professional counseling staff and provides an in-depth examination of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). The program will cover the information exporters need to know to comply with U.S.

export control requirements on commercial goods. The Arms Export Control Act (AECA) is the cornerstone of U.S. munitions export control law. The Department of State implements this statute by the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR).

All persons or entities that engage in the manufacture, export, or brokering of defense articles and services must be registered with the U.S. State Fact Sheet: Export Control Reform Marks One Year of Progress November 3, Commerce Media Note: Export Control Reform: Administration Publishes Changes to Regulations Controlling Exports of Military Electronics J White House Fact Sheet: Announcing the Revised U.S.

Export Control System Octo. The export control provisions of the EAR are intended to serve the national security, foreign policy, nonproliferation, and short supply interests of the United States and, in some cases, to carry out its international obligations.

Some controls are designed to restrict access to dual use items by countries or persons that might apply such items to uses inimical to U.S. g: high technology. As with all changes associated with Export Control Reform (ECR), the amendments to the ITAR and the EAR have resulted in the creation of positive lists of ITAR-controlled items in the USML while transferring the former military items to the new Series and, in the case of spacecraft to the Series, to the relevant Commerce Control List (CCL) category.Violations of the Export Administration Regulations, 15 C.F.R.

Parts (EAR) may be subject to both criminal and administrative penalties. Under the Export Control Reform Act of (50 U.S.C.

§§ ) (ECRA), criminal penalties can include up to 20 years of imprisonment and up to $1 million in fines per violation, or both.